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European Union supports key reforms in Republic of Moldova

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moldova_eu_relationsThe European Commission has announced a new annual support package for the Republic of Moldova to help public institutions, citizens and the business community to seize the benefits and opportunities of the Association Agreement and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area with the EU (AA/DCFTA).

Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy Commissioner Štefan Füle said: "The Association Agreement is a milestone in our Eastern Partnership policy and in our relationship with the Republic of Moldova. It is based on shared fundamental values and will open new possibilities for closer political relations and stronger economic ties. Moldova has our full support in this significant and historical process."

The fresh EU funding for the Republic of Moldova is designed to support the modernisation of key public institutions implementing the AA/DCFTA, improvement of public finance policy and management, competitiveness of rural business and trade opportunities with the EU and protection of minorities and vulnerable groups.

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The programme will contribute to further political association and economic integration with the EU under the Eastern Partnership initiative. It is a first package of bilateral assistance granted to the Republic of Moldova under the Single Support Framework, which sets out strategic objectives and priorities for future EU-Moldova co-operation in 2014-2017.

Background

Policy context

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The Eastern Partnership is the main policy framework for EU-Moldova relations. It represents the Eastern dimension of the European Neighbourhood Policy and aims to bring the Republic of Moldova closer to the European Union. The EU-Moldova Association Agreement, including the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area, has been signed on 27 June.

Single Support Framework 2014-17

The Single Support Framework (SSF) for EU support to the Republic of Moldova in 2014-2017 was adopted on 11 June 2014. It is a programming document which will chart EU support to the country in the next four years. The SSF has been consulted with national authorities, civil society, EU institutions and EU Member States.

Annual Action Programme 2014

The EU annual support package (Annual Action Programme 2014) provides €101 million of bilateral allocation to Moldova. Funding is granted through the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) for two actions:

  • Support to Public Finance Policy Reforms in Moldova (€37m): to assist the Ministry of Finance, the Parliament and the Supreme Audit Institution of Moldova in the process of enhancing good governance, effective fiscal policy, transparent and accountable public finance policy and strengthened public financial management systems.

  • European Neighbourhood Programme for Agriculture and Rural Development (ENPARD) Moldova – Support to Agriculture and Rural Development (€64m): to enhance rural development through improved policy dialogue, governance and service delivery meeting the needs of private farmers while increasing the competitiveness of the agriculture sector. Part of the second action will be dedicated to further intensify the dialogue between central and regional authorities (such as Gagauzia).

Additional support in 2014

On 2May 2014, the European Commission had already approved a support programme in favour of the Republic of Moldova (€30 million) targeting competitiveness of small business, development of national legislation in line with EU quality standards and promotion of export and investment opportunities, communication and information campaigns on the DCFTA trade agreement with the EU.

This additional support has been granted through the 'More for More' mechanism of the new European Neighbourhood Instrument.

More information

Website of the Commissioner Štefan Füle
Website of DG Development and Cooperation – EuropeAid (Eastern Partnership webpage)
Delegation of the European Union to Moldova
European Neighbourhood Policy
The EU's Association Agreements with Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine (27 June 2014)
Closer to the EU: additional funding for Georgia and Moldova
EU Neighbourhood Info Centre

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Kazakh president sets out five priorities for #Kazakhstan’s 'Third Stage of Modernization' 

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In his annual address to the nation, Nursultan Nazarbayev, the president of Kazakhstan, announced five main priorities as part of what he described as “Kazakhstan’s third stage of modernization”. The priorities are aimed at ensuring economic growth and supporting the country to become one of the top 30 most developed countries in the world by 2050.

The five priorities are: Acceleration of technological modernization of the economy, improved business environment, macroeconomic stability, improved quality of human capital and institutional reforms, including improved security and more action to tackle corruption.

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President Nazarbayev said in his annual address: “I am setting the task of ensuring the implementation of the Third Modernisation of Kazakhstan. It is necessary to create a new model of economic growth that will ensure the country's global competitiveness.”

He added: “This modernization is not a plan to combat current global challenges, but a reliable bridge to the future, to meet the objectives of Kazakhstan 2050 Strategy. It will be carried out on the basis of the 100 Concrete Steps Plan of the Nation.”

The Head of State also instructed the Government to developa package of measures for the technological re-equipment of basic industries by 2025.

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The annual address followed a special announcement given by the President last week, in which he set out bold plansto increase the powers of parliament. President Nazarbayev stated that these constitutional reforms are aimed at furthering the democratic development of Kazakhstan, as the Government will be accountable to parliament.

President Nursultan Nazarbayev has proposed a constitutional reform aimed at furthering the democratic development of Kazakhstan. During a special televised address to the nation on 25 January, the President announced a number of functions that would be transferred either to the Government or Parliament. Public discussions on the proposed constitutional reforms will take place for the next month, concluding on 26 February. After this, the reforms will be presented to Parliament.