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Menneskehandel 2010-2014: Udryddelse slavehandel

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photo_verybig_164171During the years 2010-2012, member states registered 30,146 victims of trafficking in human beings. Behind this number are human tragedies, broken hopes and destroyed plans for a better life. During the same period, 8,551 prosecutions against traffickers were reported across the EU. 80% of victims of trafficking were female, and more than 1,000 child victims were registered as trafficked for sexual exploitation. This data is part of a statistical report on victims and perpetrators of trafficking released today by the European Commission. A report also shows that many concrete measures against this severe human rights violation have been undertaken during 2010-2014, such as better cooperation with civil society, and guidelines issued to border authorities and other stakeholders on how to better identify victims.

I anledning af 8th EU Anti-trafficking day on 18 October 2014, the Commission is today taking stock of all coordinated efforts which have been made during the 2010-2014 European Commission mandate towards the goal of eradicating human trafficking. With the adoption of the EU Direktiv mod menneskehandel in 2011, courts all over Europe are now judging crimes relating to human trafficking as equally severe, with common prison sentences, and EU countries are obliged to provide proper support to victims. Also, in the EU 2012-2016 Strategy on Trafficking in Human Beings, the EU has set out 40 concrete and practical measures against trafficking in human beings, putting the protection and rights of the victims at the forefront.

The European Commission today presents a mid-term indberette of the 2012-2016 EU strategy, accompanied by the statistiske rapport on victims and traffickers for the years 2010-2012. The Commission is also reporting on the use of the Direktiv on residence permits to non EU victims of human trafficking.

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Home Affairs Commissioner Cecilia Malmström said: "When I took office as Commissioner in charge of Home Affairs almost five years ago, one of my main priorities was to work towards the eradication of trafficking in human beings. Back then, eradicating trafficking was not high on the political agenda and there was a lax attitude towards the crime in many countries. Today, we can be proud over what has been achieved to prevent this slave trade of our time. We have moved from words to real action. We must continue our work tirelessly, in Europe and beyond our borders. We owe it to the women, men, girls and boys who, as we speak, are being kept against their will and exploited in appalling conditions. Every victim of human trafficking is a victim too many."

The EU 2012-2016 Strategy: Working towards eradication of trafficking in human beings

Carrying out the concrete actions of the 2012-2016 EU Strategy on trafficking in human beings is well under way. A large amount of work has been done at EU level to get to the root of the problem, with initiatives aiming to:

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  • Better identify victims: Retningslinier udstedt til authorities and other stakeholders on the identification of victims of trafficking in human beings, in particular for border guards and consular services.

  • Engage and closely co-operate with civil society: the creation of the EU Civil Society Platform against trafficking in human beings and the e-Platform for hundreds of civil society organisations working on trafficking in human beings.

  • Increase knowledge on the phenomenon: the launch of studies on case law on labour exploitation, evaluation of prevention initiatives and on children as high risk group.

  • Better inform victims of their rights: Retningslinier issued to all member states on EU rights of victims of trafficking in human beings.

  • Better assist and protect children as particularly vulnerable: Håndbog for authorities and other stakeholders - 'Guardianship for children deprived of parental care'.

  • Make full use of the EU Agencies working on the topic of trafficking in human beings.

  • Strengthen co-operation with non-EU countries: the implementation of the 2009 Action Oriented Paper on strengthening the EU external dimension of trafficking in human beings.

Data collection: some key findings

Today, the European Commission publishes the second working paper at the EU level on statistics on trafficking in human beings, covering the years 2010, 2011 and 2012. This is the only statistical data collection existing at EU level on trafficking in human beings. Encouraging progress has been achieved in terms of availability of data, but the working paper also points to a need for further improvement. The working paper does not measure the full extent of trafficking in human beings, it provides data only on the victims and traffickers that have come into contact with authorities and actors at national level.

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  1. 30,146 victims were registered in the 28 member states over the three years 2010-2012. Member states’ authorities are becoming better at identifying and getting in contact with trafficking victims.

  2. 80% of registered victims were female.

  3. 16% of registered victims were children.

  4. Over 1 000 child victims were registered as trafficked for sexual exploitation.

  5. 69% of registered victims were trafficked for sexual exploitation.

  6. 95% of registered victims of sexual exploitation were female.

  7. 71% of registered victims of labour exploitation were male.

  8. 65% of registered victims were EU citizens.

Traffickers

  1. 8,551 prosecutions for trafficking in human beings were reported by member states over the three years 2010-2012.

  2. Over 70% of traffickers were male. This is the case for suspects, prosecutions and convicted traffickers.

  3. 3 786 convictions for trafficking in human beings were reported by Member States over the three years.

Protecting victims: Issuing residence permits to protect non-EU victims while enabling their cooperation with the authorities

In a separate Communication also published today, the Commission reports on the application of Direktiv 2004 / 81 / EF that regulates the granting of a residence permit to non-EU victims of trafficking who cooperate with the authorities for the investigation and prosecution of traffickers.

Available figures show that the possibility of issuing temporary residence permits to non-EU victims is currently under-used. For example, in 2012 only 1 124 first residence permits were granted in the EU to victims who co-operated with the authorities, whereas for that very same year 23 member states registered 2,171 non-EU citizens as victims of trafficking.

The Commission will continue to engage with member states to ensure full and correct implementation of the legislation and to facilitate exchange of good practices, such as individual risk assessments for all victims prior to and during their cooperation.

Mere information

Full statistical indberette on trafficking in human beings 2010-2012
Midtvejsevaluering indberette on the 2012-2016 EU Strategy on trafficking in human beings
Kommunikation on the application of Directive 2004/81/EC on residence permits to non EU victims of human trafficking.
infografik
Cecilia Malmström internet side
Følg kommissær Malmström på Twitter
EU Anti-Trafficking website
GD Indre Anliggender internet side
Følg Generaldirektoratet for Indre Anliggender på Twitter

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Cypern

NextGenerationEU: Europa-Kommissionen udbetaler 157 mio. EUR i forfinansiering til Cypern

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Europa-Kommissionen har udbetalt 157 mio. EUR til Cypern i forfinansiering, svarende til 13% af landets finansielle tildeling under Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF). Forfinansieringsbetalingen vil hjælpe med at sætte gang i gennemførelsen af ​​de afgørende investerings- og reformforanstaltninger, der er skitseret i Cyperns plan for genopretning og modstandsdygtighed. Kommissionen vil godkende yderligere udbetalinger baseret på gennemførelsen af ​​de investeringer og reformer, der er beskrevet i Cyperns plan for genopretning og modstandsdygtighed.

Landet vil i alt modtage 1.2 milliarder euro i løbet af planens levetid, med 1 milliard euro i tilskud og 200 millioner euro i lån. Dagens udbetaling følger den seneste vellykkede gennemførelse af de første låneoperationer under NextGenerationEU. Ved årets udgang har Kommissionen til hensigt at rejse op til i alt 80 mia. Euro i langsigtet finansiering, der skal suppleres med kortsigtede EU-regninger, for at finansiere de første planlagte udbetalinger til medlemsstaterne under NextGenerationEU. En del af NextGenerationEU vil RRF yde 723.8 mia. Euro (i løbende priser) til støtte for investeringer og reformer på tværs af medlemsstaterne.

Den cypriotiske plan er en del af den hidtil usete EU-reaktion på at komme stærkere ud af COVID-19-krisen, fremme de grønne og digitale overgange og styrke modstandskraft og samhørighed i vores samfund. EN pressemeddelelse er tilgængelig online.

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Belgien

EU's samhørighedspolitik: Belgien, Tyskland, Spanien og Italien modtager 373 mio. EUR til støtte for sundheds- og socialtjenester, SMV'er og social inklusion

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Kommissionen har bevilget 373 mio. EUR til fem Europæiske Socialfond (ESF) og Europæiske Fond for Regionaludvikling (EFRU) operationelle programmer (OP'er) i Belgien, Tyskland, Spanien og Italien for at hjælpe landene med beredskab og reparation af coronavirus inden for rammerne af REACT-EU. I Belgien vil ændringen af ​​Wallonia OP stille yderligere 64.8 mio. EUR til rådighed for anskaffelse af medicinsk udstyr til sundhedstjenester og innovation.

Midlerne vil støtte små og mellemstore virksomheder (SMV'er) i udviklingen af ​​e-handel, cybersikkerhed, websteder og onlinebutikker samt den regionale grønne økonomi gennem energieffektivitet, miljøbeskyttelse, udvikling af smarte byer og lavemission offentlige infrastrukturer. I Tyskland, i forbundsstaten Hessen, vil 55.4 mio. EUR støtte sundhedsrelateret forskningsinfrastruktur, diagnostisk kapacitet og innovation på universiteter og andre forskningsinstitutioner samt forskning, udvikling og innovationsinvesteringer inden for klima og bæredygtig udvikling. Dette ændringsforslag vil også yde støtte til SMV'er og midler til opstart via en investeringsfond.

I Sachsen-Anhalt vil 75.7 mio. EUR lette samarbejdet mellem SMV'er og institutioner inden for forskning, udvikling og innovation, og tilvejebringe investeringer og arbejdskapital til mikrovirksomheder, der er ramt af coronavirus-krisen. Desuden vil midlerne muliggøre investeringer i virksomheders energieffektivitet, støtte digital innovation i SMV'er og erhverve digitalt udstyr til skoler og kulturinstitutioner. I Italien modtager den nationale OP 'Social Inklusion' 90 mio. EUR til fremme af social integration af mennesker, der oplever alvorlig materiel afsavn, hjemløshed eller ekstrem marginalisering, gennem 'Housing First' -tjenester, der kombinerer levering af umiddelbare boliger med mulighed for social- og arbejdsformidling .

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I Spanien tilføjes 87 mio. EUR til ESF OP for Castilla y León for at støtte selvstændige og arbejdstagere, der fik deres kontrakter suspenderet eller reduceret på grund af krisen. Pengene vil også hjælpe hårdt ramte virksomheder med at undgå fyringer, især i turistsektoren. Endelig er midlerne nødvendige for at give vigtige sociale tjenester mulighed for at fortsætte på en sikker måde og for at sikre uddannelseskontinuitet under hele pandemien ved at ansætte yderligere personale.

REACT-EU er en del af NæsteGenerationEU og yder 50.6 mia.EUR ekstra finansiering (i løbende priser) til samhørighedspolitiske programmer i løbet af 2021 og 2022. Tiltag fokuserer på at understøtte arbejdsmarkedets modstandsdygtighed, job, SMV'er og lavindkomstfamilier samt etablere fremtidssikret grundlag for de grønne og digitale overgange og et bæredygtigt socioøkonomisk opsving.

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Europa-Kommissionen

NextGenerationEU: Europa-Kommissionen udbetaler 2.25 milliarder euro i forfinansiering til Tyskland

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Europa-Kommissionen har udbetalt 2.25 milliarder euro til Tyskland i forfinansiering, svarende til 9% af landets finansielle tildeling under Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF). Dette svarer til det forfinansieringsbeløb, som Tyskland anmodede om i sin genopretnings- og modstandsdygtighedsplan. Forfinansieringsbetalingen vil hjælpe med at sætte gang i implementeringen af ​​de afgørende investerings- og reformforanstaltninger, der er skitseret i Tysklands genopretnings- og modstandsdygtighedsplan. Kommissionen vil godkende yderligere udbetalinger baseret på gennemførelsen af ​​de investeringer og reformer, der er beskrevet i Tysklands genopretnings- og modstandsdygtighedsplan.

Landet er indstillet til at modtage 25.6 mia. EUR i alt, fuldt ud bestående af tilskud, i løbet af planens levetid. Udbetalingen følger den seneste vellykkede gennemførelse af de første låneoperationer under NextGenerationEU. Ved årets udgang har Kommissionen til hensigt at rejse op til i alt 80 mia. Euro i langsigtet finansiering, der skal suppleres med kortsigtede EU-regninger, for at finansiere de første planlagte udbetalinger til medlemsstaterne under NextGenerationEU. En del af NextGenerationEU vil RRF yde 723.8 mia. Euro (i løbende priser) til støtte for investeringer og reformer på tværs af medlemsstaterne. Den tyske plan er en del af den hidtil usete EU-reaktion på at komme stærkere ud af COVID-19-krisen, fremme de grønne og digitale overgange og styrke modstandskraft og samhørighed i vores samfund. En fuld pressemeddelelse er tilgængelig her.

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