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EU øger vandrende overvågning i Middelhavet

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Europa-Parlamentet har stemt for at indlede et EU-system til overvågning af søfartssektoren med det formål at forhindre vandrende katastrofer som Lampedusa-skibbruget.

EUROSUR dataudveksling bør fremskynde EU's reaktion på både, der er pakket med migranter, der fører til Europa.

Planen er at lancere EUROSUR i december, der dækker Middelhavet. Flere lande vil deltage et år senere.

The vote was planned long before last week’s Lampedusa disaster, in which more than 300 African migrants died.

Eurosur deltagere vil kunne del i realtid billeder og data on developments at the EU’s external borders.

Hovedformålet er at forbedre påvisning, forebyggelse og bekæmpelse af uregelmæssig indvandring og grænseoverskridende kriminalitet.

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MEPs insisted that it must also be used to help save migrants’ lives, by alerting emergency services.

The annual budget has been set at €35 million (£30m; $47m), 19m of which will come from the EU’s border agency Frontex.

And on Wednesday the European Commission – the EU’s executive – pledged €30m of EU funds to help refugees in Italy

“Only by having a pan-European border surveillance system we can prevent the Mediterranean from becoming a graveyard for refugees trying to cross it in unseaworthy small boats in search of a better life in Europe,” said the parliament’s lead negotiator on Eurosur, Dutch liberal MEP Jan Mulder.

“To prevent a tragedy like that off Lampedusa from happening again, rapid intervention is necessary,” he said.

EUROSUR members will be obliged to observe the international legal principle of “non-refoulement” – meaning that people fleeing conflict or persecution are not sent back to a life-threatening place.

In future the EU hopes to expand EUROSUR to cover not only boat traffic in the Mediterranean, but also local weather and the marine environment. The surveillance will also cover Atlantic waters south of Spain’s Canary Islands and the Black Sea in Eastern Europe.

Af mere end 500 mennesker, der havde været om bord på båden i nærheden af ​​Lampedusa, overvejende migranter fra Eritrea og Somalia, overlevede kun 155.

The sinking is one of Italy’s worst disasters involving a boat carrying Europe-bound migrants from Africa.

Den lille ø Lampedusa er et nøgleområde for sådanne både, og mange beboere har længe klaget over, at embedsmænd i Italien og EU ikke gør nok for at håndtere de tusindvis af indvandrere, der kommer i land hvert år.

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